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  • ID:8-6058198 江苏省苏州市区学校2018-2019学年第二学期期中试卷 初一历史 (含答案)

    初中历史/期中专区/七年级下册

    苏州市区学校2018-2019学年第二学期期中试卷 初一历史 一、单项选择题(本大题共25小题,每小题1分,共25分。) 1.经典诵读可以帮助我们提取丰富的历史信息!度志分小坝厥,始兼并……迨至隋,一土宇……元灭金,绝宋世!敝兴从车拇映て诜至炎呦蛲骋坏某校 ) A.秦隋宋 B.秦宋元 C.秦隋元 D.隋宋元 2.科举制度被西方人誉为中国的“第五大发明”,他们认为“科举考试使得即使是国家中最贫穷的人也只能说,如果他命运不济也是‘天意如此’,他的同胞并未设置不公平的障碍来阻挠他提升自身的地位……”这主要是指科举制度( ) A.促进了教育事业的发展 B.保证了官吏的清正廉明 C.体现了公平公正的原则 D.提高了官员的文化素质 3.图示法是一种直观形象的学习方法,用图示法描绘隋朝大运河大致走向,贴切的是( ) 4.关于下表,填写正确的是( ) A.开元盛世,贞观之治 B.贞观之治,开元盛世 C.开元盛世,黄巢起义 D.贞观之治,黄巢起义 5.诗歌在一定程度上反映了社会生活。下列诗歌中,能够反映唐玄宗统治后期景象的是( )A.贞观服右治,开庭辨视听 B.忆昔开元全盛日,小邑犹藏万家室 C.国破山河在,城春草木深 D.南朝四百八十寺,多少楼台烟雨中 6.王谠在《唐语林》中写到“开元初,上留心理道,革去弊讹,不六七年,天下大理。河清海晏,物殷俗阜!倍允妨系睦斫,不正确的是( ) A. “留心理道”的“上”即皇帝唐玄宗 B. “河清海晏”指贞观年间政治清明 C. “天下大理”的局面被誉为开元盛世 D. “革去弊讹” 指玄宗完善法律 7.如果你穿越到盛唐时期,你会看到哪些景象( ) ①农民在使用曲辕犁耕地 ②外国客人在长安城内经商 ③一些妇女在骑马、打球 ④人们可以用上青瓷碗白瓷壶 A.①②④ B.①②③ C.②③④ D.①②③④ 8.唐代大诗人白居易曾非常形象地描绘唐都长安城的布局为“百千家似围棋局,十二街如种菜畦”。唐朝的长安城内,有“坊”和“市”的区别,“坊”的城市功能是( ) A.政府机构 B.娱乐区 C.居民住宅区 D.商业区 9.“朱门酒肉臭,路有冻死骨。荣枯咫尺异,惆怅难再述!笔惴⒘硕鸥Χ缘撞闳嗣竦耐,反映了历史的真情实况,故他的诗被后人称为( ) A.诗史 B.诗狂 C.诗鬼 D.诗圣 10.我国著名史学家钱穆在《中国历代政治得失》一书中讲到:“汉代宰相是采用领袖制的,而唐代宰相则采用委员制!闭饫锏摹拔敝啤笔侵福 ) A.郡县制 B.科举制 C.三省六部制 D.内阁制 11.有位收藏家最近从古董市场上购得一座彩陶马,上面有多种颜色,主要有黄、绿、青三色,经专家鉴定是真品,你知道它是什么时候制作的(。 A.秦朝 B.汉朝 C.隋朝 D.唐朝 12.如果给右图所示的鉴真塑像做文字注解,应该选择( ) A.西游天竺,求取佛经 B.政启开元,治宏贞观 C.东渡日本,弘扬佛法 D.主动请缨,征战海外 13.“唐朝与当时的阿拉伯帝国并列为世界上最强盛的帝国,声誉远扬海外,与亚欧国家均有往来。唐朝以后,海外多称中国人为唐人!钡笔,与我国进行友好往来的亚洲国家是( ) ① 日本 ② 新罗 ③ 天竺 ④ 雅典 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①③ D.②④ 14. 张艺谋导演曾借用诗句“冲天香阵透长安,满城尽带黄金甲”中的一句作为影片名。这是唐末农民起义领袖黄巢的诗句,唐末农民战争( ) A.冲击了唐朝统治 B.推翻了唐朝统治 C.平定了安史之乱 D.形成了藩镇割据局面 15.“联选儒臣干事者百余人,分治大藩(节度使辖区),即使他们都贪浊,也不及武臣一人为害之大!安牧现兴翁嬲庖痪俅耄 ) ① 延续藩镇割据的局面 ② 增强了军队作战能力 ③ 导致官僚机构的膨胀 ④ 形成文官统兵的格局 A.①② B.①③ C.②④ D.③④ 16.宋朝儿童念的《神童诗》,一开头就是“天子重英豪,文章教尔曹;万般皆下品,唯有读书高”,当时民间还流行看这样的俗话“做人莫做军,做铁莫做针”。材料主要表明,宋朝( ) A.等级森严 B.商业繁荣 C.重农抑商 D.重文轻武 17. 下列与科举有关的措施出现在宋朝的是( ) A.开创殿试 B.创立进士科 C.增加科举取士名额,提高进士地位 D.进士科逐渐成为最重要的科目 18.宋代名将岳飞的《满江红·怒发冲冠》中写道:“……靖康耻,犹未雪。臣子恨,何时灭!……,壮志饥餐胡虏肉,笑谈渴饮匈奴血! 这首词中所说的“胡虏” “匈奴”应该都是指当时的( ) A.契丹族 B.女真族 C.党项族 D.鲜卑族 19.右面是唐─元之间民族政权并立的示意图,其正确的演变顺序是(。  A. ②③④①   B. ③④①②   C. ①②③④   D. ①④③② 20.右图是北宋纸币钢版拓片,其上文字为:“除四川外,许于诸路州县公私从便……流转行使!闭庖煌 ( ) ① 证实了宋代纸币的发行 ② 反映了宋代的印刷技术 ③ 是研究纸币交子的文物材料 ④ 是商品经济发展的见证 A.①②③ B.①②④ C.①③④ D.①②③④ 21. 宋代是中国陶瓷发展史的辉煌时期!八未伞辈还茉谥掷、样式还是烧造工艺等方面,均位于“中国瓷”的巅峰地位。下列瓷器种类的兴起,无关“宋瓷”的是( ) A.汝窑瓷 B.哥窑瓷 C.三彩瓷 D.钧窑瓷 22.由下面两幅图中可以看出汉代和宋代对外贸易最大的不同是( ) A.出口货物的种类 B.对外贸易的路线 C.政府对外贸易的政策 D.出口货物的多少 23.“兴东北,建大金。占辽朝,灭北宋。战南宋,归元兵”是描述哪一民族的兴衰史( ) A.契丹族 B.党项族 C.蒙古族 D.女真族 24.歌曲《父亲的草原母亲的河》展现了蒙古草原的雄浑壮阔,唱出了蒙古人的情怀。在我国历史上,蒙古族曾建立一个疆域空前辽阔的元王朝,其建立者是( ) A.成吉思汗 B.忽必烈 C.完颜阿骨打 D.耶律阿; 25.学习宋元时期的历史后,某班四位同学作了如下主题演讲,你认为最能准确概括这段历史的基本特征的是(。 A.国家产生和社会变革 B.民族关系发展和社会变化 C.繁荣与开放的社会 D.统一国家的建立和巩固 二、填空题(本大题共3小题,每小题2分,每空1分,共6分。在答卷相应位置作答) 26.唐朝商业繁荣, ▲ 既是当时各民族交往的中心,又是一座国际性大都市;南宋商业发达,都城 ▲ ,繁荣程度超过了北宋时的开封。 27.唐朝灭亡后,北方黄河流域先后出现五个政权,南方地区出现九个政权,再加上北方割据太原的北汉,史称“ ▲ ” ;北宋兴起的 ▲ ,后来发展成为著名的瓷都。 28. 宋太祖为强化中央集权,在各州府设置 ▲ ,以分知州的权力;在地方上设置 ▲ ,把地方财赋收归中央。 三、材料解析题 29.唐朝是中国古代繁荣与开放的朝代,是中国历史上令人振奋的一段时期。结合所学知识完成下列有关唐朝历史主题的探究并回答相关问题。(6分) 材料一 “秦始皇平六国,隋炀帝富有四海,既骄且逸,一朝而败,吾亦何得自骄也?言念于此,不觉惕焉震惧! ——吴兢《贞观政要》 材料二 贞观十五年(641年)正月,……松赞干布亲自到柏海迎接公主;氐酵罗,他对亲近的人说:“我祖、父未有通婚上国者,今我得尚大唐公主,为幸实多! ——选自《中华上下五干年》 材料三 材料四 复旦大学钱文忠教授在讲述唐朝对外关系时说:“一个伟大僧人西行取经的传奇故事,一条由信念、坚持和智慧浇铸而成的求知之路,一个民族朐襟开放、海纳百川的真实写照! (1)材料一中“吾”指的是谁?(1分)结合所学知识回答“吾”是如何避免“一朝而败”的?(1分) (2)材料二中的吐蕃人是今天哪个少数民族的祖先?(1分)根据材料三回答,当材料二中松赞干布的求亲使者来到了长安,唐朝政府具体应由六部中哪个部门负责接待?(1分) (3)材料四的的这位“伟大僧人”他为后世留下的经典著作是什么?(1分) (4)综合上述材料请你概括国家强盛有哪些因素?(1分) 30.在历史发展的长河中,民族团结和国家统一成为主流,更成为国家繁荣富强的重要基础。 阅读下列材料,回答问题。(6分) 材料一 “自古皆贵中华,贱夷狄,朕独爱之如一!薄铺 材料二 大宋皇帝谨致誓书于大契丹皇帝阙下:共遵诚信,虔守欢盟,以风土之宜,助军旅之费,每岁以绢二十万匹,银一十万两。更不差使臣专往北朝,只令三司差人般送至雄州交割。 材料三 1005年,北宋和辽双方订立和议,辽朝撤军,宋给辽岁币,此后很长时间双方保持着和平局面; 1044年北宋和西夏订立“宋夏和议”,西夏元昊向北宋称臣,宋给西夏岁币,宋夏边境贸易兴旺;1141年南宋和金达成和议,南宋向金称臣,并给金岁币,宋金对峙局面形成。 (1)材料一中的话体现了唐太宗怎样的民族政策?(1分) 他被周边各族尊奉为什么称号?(1分) (2)材料二中“北朝”的建立者是谁?(1分)反映的是宋辽之间盟约,这个盟约名称是什么? (1分) (3)根据材料三并结合所学知识,北宋与辽、西夏订立和约,南宋与金“绍兴和议”对于社会经济和民众生活有什么影响?(2分) 31.江南经济的发展是古代中国的一道亮丽风景线。阅读材料,回答问题。(7分) 材料一 材料二 唐宋时期,南方农业发展超过北方,究其原因,南方战乱少,人口南迁,自然条件优越,农作物品种的改进等。民间流传着“苏湖熟,天下足”的谚语。 材料三 两宋时期,中外交往主要依靠海路,那时海外贸易兴盛,政府鼓励海外贸易,收入颇丰,以至于宋高宗说:“司舶之利最厚,若措施得宜,所得动以百万计! 材料四 随着城市的繁荣,宋代的市民阶层不断扩大,市民文化生活也丰富起来。东京城内就有许多娱乐兼营商业的场所,叫做“瓦子”。瓦子中国出许多专供演出的圈子,称为“勾栏”。许多穷苦艺人在这里卖艺谋生,有说书的、唱曲的、演杂剧的、耍杂技的、表演踢球的,等等,令人眼花缭乱! ——人教版《中国历史》七年级下册 根据上述材料回答下列问题: (1)写出材料一所示唐代农耕技术图一、图二对应的工具名称。(答全1分) (2)根据材料二所引谚语,说明中国古代经济格局出现了怎样的变化?(1分)结合材料和所学知识,分析出现这一变化的原因?(1分) (3)根据材料四和所学知识回答,两宋政府设置什么机构对海外贸易进行管理?(1分)据材料分析海外贸易兴盛的最主要原因是什么?(1分) (4)概括这一时期市民生活的特点和原因?(2分) 6

  • ID:4-6058193 江苏省苏州市姑苏区2018-2019学年七年级下学期期中考试英语卷(含扫描答案,有听力音频无材料)

    初中英语/期中专区/七年级下册

    苏州市区学校2018-2019学年第二学期期中试卷 初一英语 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两卷,满分100,考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共64分) 一、听力选择 (共15题:每小题1分,满分15分) (一)根据所听对话,选择最佳答案。(每小题1分,共10分) 1. Where is the man going to spend his holiday? A. B. C. 2. What does the woman’s son like? A. B. C. 3. What is the man going to buy for his sister? A. B. C. 4. How does the woman usually go to work? A. B. C. 5. What does the woman’s uncle do? A. An engineer. B. A manager. C. A policeman. 6. What’s around the corner? A. A shop. B. A restaurant. C. A mall. 7. What is the woman’s telephone number? A. 84561689. B. 84561968. C. 84561869. 8. What time is it in London? A. 11 p. m. B. 7 a. m. C. 9 a. m. 9. What are they talking about? A. The colour of the skirt. B. The price of the skirt. C. The style of the skirt. 10. What is the woman doing? A. Cooking dishes. B. Buying vegetables. C. Having dinner. (二)听对话和短文答题,对话和短文读两遍。(每小题1分,共5分) 听一段对话,回答11~12小题。 11. What does Mike want to do? A. Be a volunteer. B. Help Lucy. C. Keep an animal. 12. What does Lucy ask him to do? A. Help animals. B. Help someone in the street. C. Take an animal home. 听一段短文,回答13~15小题。 13. What subject is Helen interested in? A. Chinese. B. Maths. C. History. 14. Why does Helen like New York best? A. Because it’s both big and modern. B. Because it’s both old and beautiful. C. Because it’s both modern and beautiful. 15. When will Helen visit China? A. This June. B. This July. C. This August. 2、 3、 单项填空(共10小题: 每小题1分,满分10分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 16. There is______ “m” and ______ “u” in the word “museum”. A. an; a B. an; an C. a; an D. a; a 17. If ______ bicycle is broken, ______ can use ______. A. his; you; his B. her; she; mine C. your; you; her D. mine; I; hers 18. —How old is your son? —He is ______, but we’ll have a party for his ______ birthday next month. A. eight; nine B. eight; ninth C. eighth; nine D. eighth; ninth 19. There is a bridge ______ the river. Be careful when you go ______ it. A. over; cross B. across; over C. over; across D. cross; over 20. He likes cooking and will cook ______ for us this evening. A. nice something B. nice anything C. something nice D. anything nice 21. —______ will you come back? —In three days. A. How often B. How soon C. How long D. How far 22. Mr. Wu asks us ______ the lights before leaving the classroom. A. close B. to close C. turn off D. to turn off 23. The students there ______ different hobbies. Some like singing, some like reading and others like drawing. A. have B. has C. are D. is 24. I hope you ______ fun learning English with us. A. to have B. having C. has D. will have 25. —Could you arrive at the park before 3 o’clock? —______. I will still be at the meeting then. A. I think so B. Yes, I could C. I’m afraid so D. I’m afraid not 三、完形填空(共10小题: 每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It's really important for everyone to have a good neighbour. In China, there is an old saying that a distant relative(亲戚) is not as good as a near neighbour. I agree with it 26 from my experience(经历), I think it's 27 for each one to have a good neighbour. First, a good neighbour is a good friend. One winter day when our family moved to a new house, our neighbours helped us to 28 furniture and told us something 29 this neighbourhood. They invited all members of 30 family to their home and have a hot drink. They made us 31 comfortable here. Next, a good neighbour is a good relative. When we travel, our neighbours 32 take care of our house and keep the letters for us. When they 33 , we also help them as they do. In the new neighbourhood, we always 34 each other. We are just like good relatives. Finally, I get a very important 35 from our neighbours that having a good neighbour is being a good neighbour yourself. 26. A. so B. and C. but D. because 27. A. easy B. hard C. important D. expensive 28. A. bring B. take C. carry D. move 29. A. about B. on C. at D. to 30. A. my B. your C. his D. their 31. A. feeling B. feel C. to feel D. feels 32. A seldom B. never C. always D. sometimes 33. A. travel B. study C. sleep D. shop 34. A. see B. help C. chat D. call 35. A. video B. card C. present D. lesson 四、阅读理解(共12小题: 每小题2分,满分24分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Look! Here comes a cute bus. It looks like a panda with black ears and big eyes. It can carry 22 people and is about 12 meters long. A Chinese company made it. The Smart Panda Bus uses AI technology(科技). It can do a lot of things. The bus can drive by itself without a driver. Don’t worry! It’s very safe. When you get on the bus, you can swipe(刷)your hand. The bus will read it and know who you are. There are also robots(机器人) on the bus. You can talk to them and ask them for help. If there is a thief on the bus, the bus will call the police. People in some cities, such as Changzhou in Jiangsu, Jinan in Shandong and Deyang in Sichuan, can take the bus. Do you want to have a try? Inside the bus, there is a machine. You can buy breakfast and dinner on the bus. This can save you a lot of time. 36. Which of the following statements about the Smart Panda Bus is correct? A. The driver is a panda. B. It is 22 metres long and 12 metres wide. C. It can carry 22 people at a time. D. It is all black. 37. What do we know about the Smart Panda Bus? A. It is driverless. B. It is dangerous. C. It is free for people to take. D. There are police officers on it. 38. Which of the following sentences is wrong? A. We can swipe the hand on the bus. B. We can buy breakfast and dinner on the bus. C. We can talk to robots and ask for their help. D. We can also help to drive the bus. 39. Which city doesn’t have this kind of bus? A. Changzhou. B. Jinan. C. Suzhou. D. Deyang. B Are you looking for something fun and would you like to help others in your spare time? Then join us to be a volunteer! We have volunteer jobs of all ages. Anyone, from twelve-year-old children to people in their seventies, can become a volunteer. You can help people in many ways. Schools need help with taking care of children while their parents are working. Hospitals need volunteers to look after children while their parents are seeing a doctor. Animal lovers can help take care of those dogs and cats without homes. There is something for everyone. “As a volunteer, I don't want to get anything. Seeing the children's happy faces, I'm happy, too,” said Carlos Domingo, an old woman of 62. “I often played computer games in my spare time before. But now I help older people learn how to use computers,” said another volunteer at the age of 18. If everyone helps out a little, we 'll have a better world to live in. Interested? Call us on 1-800-555-5756 or visit our website. 40. How old can a person be a volunteer? A. At 11 years old. B. At 81 years old. C. At 28 years old. D. At 6 years old. 41. Carlos Domingo may do volunteer work with ______. A. looking after animals B. children C. computers D. older people 42. What's the main idea of the passage? A. Hospitals need volunteers to look after the children. B. Everyone should take care of the animals. C. If you are good at computers, you can teach older people. D. People can be volunteers to help others in different ways. 43. Where can we find the article? A. In a newspaper. B. In a storybook. C. In a comic book. D. In a notebook. C In the sea there are many islands(岛). In its warm waters, there are some little ones. We call them coral(珊瑚)islands. A coral island is very nice to look at. It looks like a ring of land with trees, grass, and flowers on it. One part of the ring is open to the water. There is a little round lake inside the island. If you look into this lake, you will see beautiful coral. You may think they are flowers. If you look at a piece of coral, you will see many little holes(洞) in it. In each of these holes a very small sea animal has lived. These sea animals make the coral. They began to build under the water. Year after year, the coral grew higher and higher. At last it grew out of the water. Then the sea brought to it small trees and something else. After some years, these things changed into earth. Sometimes the wind brought seeds(种子) to this earth. Sometimes birds flew over it and brought seeds to the island. The little seeds grew. In a few years, there were plants all over the island. In a few more years there were trees growing there. So, you see, these islands were built little by little. The workers were very small. Don’t they teach us a lesson? Can you think what the lesson is? 44. A coral island looks like ______. A. a round cake B. trees, grass and flowers C. a ring of land D. a round lake 45. There are ______ in the holes in corals. A. flowers B. little corals C. grass D. sea animals 46. How did seeds of trees, grass and flowers come to the coral islands? A. The wind and birds brought them there. B. Only the wind brought them there. C. People brought them there. D. Fishes brought them there. 47. From the story we learn that ______. A. small workers can't do big things B. only big workers can do big things C. small workers can also do big things D. all small things can do things 五、信息还原 (共5小题: 每小题1分,满分5分) 根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Tom: We’re going to Suzhou Museum this weekend. Will you go with us? Jack: Sure. 48 Tom: We’ll meet at the school gate at 7:30 a.m.. Jack: 49 Tom: By underground. Jack: 50 Tom: It takes about half an hour by underground from here. Jack: 51 Tom: Please take an umbrella. 52 Jack: I see. Thanks. See you. A. How shall we go there? B. The radio says it will rain. C. How long is it? D. When shall we meet? E. Why not meet at Suzhou Museum? F. How far is it? G. What shall we take with us? 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共36分) 六、词汇检测(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释或通过上下文,在答题卡上标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。每空只写一词。 53. My father works in an ▲ (办公室)building. 54. There are ▲ (百万)of websites all over the world. 55. The ▲ (生病的)boy feels bad and needs our help. 56. The old man likes ▲ (饲养) rabbits, chickens and dogs. 57. The air is ▲ (新鲜的)near the sea. I really like to stay there. 58. Listen to the teacher ▲ (认真地)in class, and you will learn any subject well. 59. Go ▲ (径直地) on and turn left. You can see it on your right. 60. —Do you ▲ her birthday? —Of course. I never forget to prepare a present for that. 61. Westerners eat with a knife and ▲ . 62. China has an area of about 9,600,000 ▲ kilometers. . 七、阅读表达(共3小题:63题1分,64题2分,65题3分,满分6分) 请认真阅读下面短文,用英语回答短文后的问题,并将答案写在答题卡标有题号的横线上。 Now in the United States, I am trying to learn new school rules. My school has clear rules. As for clothes, we must wear school uniforms. We can wear brown, black or gray trousers and shoes. Our shoes must be made of leather or canvas (帆布). No trainers or boots can be at school. We must change into the PE uniform and trainers before doing sports. The break time between each class is only four minutes. We need to get to the classroom for the next class on time. Sometimes, there is even no time to go to the restroom. We usually put all the books in school bags two minutes before class is over. If we are late, we must give a good reason or a permission (允许) card from the teacher of the last class. Or we will get lower scores. If we are late five times in one term, then we will be called truants (逃学者). This may bring us a detention (课后留校). 63. What is the passage mainly about? 64. How much time do the students have between classes? 65. Do you like wearing school uniforms? Why or why not? 八、句子翻译(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分) 将下列句子译成英语,并将所译句子写在答题卡上标有题号的横线上。 66.孩子应该学会和他人分享。 67.开车去那个电影院通常要半个小时。 68. 他父母下个月会带他去北方城市游玩。 69. 为什么不找人来修一下坏了的电脑呢? 70. 我们很幸运地邀请到了这位著名的艺术家到我们学校。 九、书面表达(满分10分) 假如你是李华,英语俱乐部的一名成员。你们正在为学校的英语节排练一部英文剧。请你根据以下要点给学校的外籍教师Mike写一封邀请信,请他来参加这项活动。 1. 演出时间、地点:下周六下午4点,学校大礼堂; 2. 排练情况:利用课余时间,互相帮助学习,学习兴趣浓厚; 3. 具体安排:观看表演,外教发言,晚上聚餐; 4. 对此次活动的希望:……(请自拟两点) 注意: 1. 词数80左右,开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数; 2. 邀请信须包括所有要点,可适当发挥,使短文连贯、通顺; 3. 文中不得提及真实的人名、校名等相关信息。 参考词汇:play 剧 English Day 英语节 Dear Mike, I am Li Hua from the school English club. 写 在 答 题 卡 指 定 位 置 We are all looking forward to your reply.? Yours, Li Hua 8

  • ID:2-6058164 新部编版三年级语文上册第8单元知识点架构表

    小学语文/人教部编版/三年级上册(2018部编)/本册综合

    语文第 五 册第 八 单元知识架构表 单元主题:为“美好的品质”,美好的品质,犹如温暖的阳光,带给我们希望和力量。 本单元字词 字形 易错字:勇:第四笔是横折,不要写成横折钩。 短:要写得左窄右宽,注意第五笔是点。 秀:下面是“乃”,笔顺是:横折折折钩、撇。。 难写字: 登: 上下结构,书写时注意上面的笔顺是:横撇、点、撇、撇、捺。 腿: 左右结构,第十笔是点。注意右边部分先写上面的再写走之。 投:第五笔是横折弯。 形近字: 司(司机)同(同学) 庭(家庭)挺(挺好) 持(坚持)诗(诗人) 掌(掌声)常(经常) 没(没有)投(投入) 通(通过)痛(痛快) 其他: 字音 易读错:登(dēng)上 观众(zhòng) 掌(zhǎng)声 落(lào)下 调(diào)来 胸脯(pú) 男(nán)孩 宁(níng)静 寒冷(lěng) 诚(chéng)实 冻(dòng)死 面包渣(zh。 战斗(dòu) 撤(chè)退 白求恩(ēn) 血(xuè)丝 弹(dàn)片 迅 (xùn)速 多音字: (lào)(落下)( luò)(落叶)( là)(丢三落四) 斗(dòu)(战斗)( dǒu)(一斗) 大(dài)(大夫)( dà)(大人) 调(diào)(调动)( tiáo)(调节) 同音字: 诚(诚实)城(城市) 班(班级)斑(斑纹) 默(沉默)墨(墨汁) 其他: 词语理解和运用 一词多义: 近义词: 轮流—轮换 立刻—立即 热烈—强烈 讲述—讲解 动听—好听 忧郁—忧虑 鼓励—鼓舞 监督—监视 欢迎—迎接 果然—果真 喜爱—喜欢 可惜—惋惜 诚实—老实 激烈—猛烈 敏捷—敏锐 沉思—思索 恳求—请求 迅速—快速 反义词 犹豫—果断 热烈—冷清 忧郁—开朗 欢迎—拒绝 喜爱—讨厌 仰望—俯视 欢快—忧伤 镇定—慌张 敏捷—缓慢 危险—安全 胜利—失败 格式类词语:【ABCC 式词语】硝烟滚滚 凉风习习 【AABC 式词语】耿耿于怀 落落大方 【含“不”字的成语】经久不息 坚持不懈 词语搭配 【形容词搭配】(热烈的)掌声 (诚实的)男孩 【量词】 三(只)麻雀 一(个)男孩 一(座)小庙 一(块)弹片 一(名)战士 本单元句型 句型 反问句:战士们没有离开他们的阵地,我怎么能离开自己的阵地呢? 拟人句:它们在树枝间来回跳动,婉转地歌唱,非常惹人喜爱。 写句子:会用“陆续”“继续”“连续”造句。 口语交际运用 本单元口语交际要点,重新设计:《请教》有时候,我们遇到一些不好解决的问题,要有礼貌地向别人请教,不清楚的地方及时追问。 课文内容填空 《 司马光 》 主要内容:写了一群孩子在庭院里游戏时,一个孩子失足掉进水缸,其他孩子吓得分封逃跑,只有司马光砸破水缸救人的故事,表现了司马光临危不惧、聪明机智的美好品质 段落背诵:《司马光》和“日积月累”的内容 其他:借助注释讲一讲《司马光》的故事 《 掌声 》 主要内容:《掌声》一文通过记叙身体残疾、内心自卑的英子,在上台讲故事时因为同学们给予她的两次热烈掌声而变得开朗、自信的事,说明了爱和鼓励具有无穷的力量,它可以改变一个人的生活态度甚至命运。 段落背诵:从2-4自然段任选一段讲一讲。 《 灰雀 》 主要内容:讲述了列宁喜欢的一只灰雀被一个男孩捉走,后来男孩受到列宁的感染,主动将灰雀放回来的故事,赞扬了列宁善解人意,尊重、爱护男孩的高尚品质,以及男孩知错就改、诚实守信的品格。 《 手术台就是阵地 》 主要内容:通过写齐会战斗中,白求恩坚守阵地,坚决不撤离,抢救了一个又一个伤员的故事,赞扬了白求恩不怕牺牲、对工作负责、对同志热忱的国际主义精神。 段落背诵:理解“手术台就是阵地”这句话的理解。 本单元习作要求 《那次玩得真愉快》 你平时喜欢玩什么?有没有哪次玩的特别开心,印象特别深刻? 回忆一下,你当时是怎么玩的?把你玩的过程像放电影一样在脑海里回想一遍,然后写下来。写的时候注意正确使用标点符号。 写好以后,大声读一读,看看你写的内容有没有表达当时快乐的心情。 和同学交流习作,跟他们分享你的快乐。如果有让同学看不明白的地方,可以试着修改一下,让别人更明白。

  • ID:1010-6058148 人教版高中体育与健康 高二年级散打——步伐、拳腿法组合练习课件(6张ppt)+教案

    高中体育/通用版/高二年级


    散打——步伐、拳腿法组合练习:6张PPT
    课标分析
    1.认知目标:85%的学生了解散打的基本步伐、拳腿法组合方法,知道该如何在实战中应用。
    2.技能目标:70%的学生熟练掌握散打基本步伐、拳腿法组合方法,发展学生的核心力量,使学生力量、协调性等素质得到提高和锻炼。
    3.情感态度与价值观目标:学生自主探究学习能力得到提升,能够主动积极参与练习,从中获得运动的乐趣。
    一、引起注意阶段------3分钟
    1、检查人数,师生问好,宣布本节内容,检查服装。
    二、热身阶段——7分钟
    学生进行慢跑练习,围绕场地慢跑,然后由老师带领做徒手操练习。
    三、学习与运用技术阶段
    (1)基础技术练习部分--------8分钟
    由教师带领学生进行基本技术练习。
    练习1:步伐练习
    练习2:单一拳法
    通过基本技术练习,每个学生都能进一步巩固和强化散打的基本拳腿技术。
    (2)小组提高练习部分-------9分钟
    学生分小组,根据本堂课所学的基础动作进行自由组合,并进行小组展示。
    通过课堂展示环节,学生基本掌握单一拳、腿法及滑步技术,并能够合理的自由组合出进攻、防守等组合技术动作。教师进行巡视、对学生指导和执靶辅助练习进一步提高学生练习的兴趣和积极性,小组展示体现了学生团队合作学习意识,进一步增加学生练习的积极性。
    (3)体能训练部分----------15分钟
    练习1:跳深加速跑练习
    练习2:折返跑练习
    通过体能训练进一步提高学生速度、爆发力及速度耐力等素质,练习中进行示范并及时纠正学生的错误,同时与同学一起对参与练习的同学进行加油、鼓励。
    介绍本阶段对重、难点的解决
    1、对重点、难点的解决:拳腿法的规范性、组合技术的合理性至关重要,通过强化单一拳腿法练习以及小组讨论中教师指导,引导学生规范技术动作,掌握动作要领。
    2、对难点的解决:为增强学生核心力量及体能训练,课堂中设置了小组组合技术的强化训练、展示及体能训练,一是增加学生成就感和提高练习兴趣,二是让学生理解体能是提高运动技能的根本保障。
    四、结束部分
    1、放松活动------2分钟
    带领学生进行拉伸放松活动,让学生逐步平叙心情,调节身心放松肌肉。
    2、小结--------1分钟
    对本课进行总结,希望同学们在以后的学习中由于拼搏、自觉锻炼。
    ========================1.强化散打单一拳腿技术;
    2.巩固拳、腿、步伐结合进攻技术;
    3.综合身体素质训练
    4.培养学生顽强拼搏精神和团队合作意识。
    ========================
    压缩包内容:
    散打——步伐、拳腿法组合练习.doc
    散打——步伐、拳腿法组合练习.ppt

  • ID:4-6058142 江苏省苏州市姑苏区2018-2019学年八年级下学期期中考试英语卷(含扫描答案,有听力材料无音频

    初中英语/期中专区/八年级下册

    苏州市区学校2018-2019学年第二学期期中试卷 初二英语 一、听力选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 第一部分听对话回答问题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍。 1. Where is the man’s father? A. B. C. 2. How is the weather at the moment? A. B. C. 3. How did the woman go to have the meeting? A. B. C. 4. What pollution are they talking about? A. B. C. 5. Where is the woman from? A. Canada. B. America. C. Germany. 6. What kind of animals does Lisa like best? A. Monkeys. B. Dogs. C. Elephants. 7. What has the man done? A. He has done some cooking. B. He has done some washing. C. He has done some cleaning. 8. What’s the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Doctor and patient. C. Mother and son. 9. When does David want to leave? A. Next Tuesday. B. Next Monday. C. Next Wednesday. 10. What time is it now? A. 7:30. B. 8:00. C. 8:30. 第二部分 听短文回答问题。 11. Why can’t Mr. Chaplin be here? A. Because he’s gone to England. B. Because he’s gone to America. C. Because he’s ill. 12. What is an important exam today? A. The Maths exam. B. The English exam. C. The Chinese exam. 13. What time does the exam end this morning? A. At 11 o’clock. B. At 9 o’clock. C. At 7 o’clock. 14. If there is a difficult question, what should you do? A. Write it clearly. B. Answer it first. C. Go on to the next one and come back to it later. 15. Which advice did NOT the speaker mention (提及)? A. Leave the difficult questions unanswered. B. Read the questions carefully before answering them. C. Guess the answer if you cannot answer the question. 二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 16. All the students agreed to go to Qingdao by ________ sea and camp by ________ sea. A. the; a B. /; the C. /; / D. a; the 17. ________great fun it is to fly kites! ________ fantastic time the children are having! A. What; What a B. What; What C. How; How a D. What a; What 18 .You will find ________ to learn English if you put your heart in it. A. that easily B. it easily C. it easy D. it was easy 19. --When ________you ________ reading Jane Eyre? --It’s hard to say. I’m busy recently. A. did, finish B. will, finish C. have, finished D. do, finish 20. --He has never been to New York before, has he? --________. It's the first time that he's been there. A. Yes, he has B. No, he has C. No, he hasn't D. Yes, he hasn't 21. Since we met in Suzhou five years ago, he and I ________ friends. A. have made B. have become C. made D. have been 22.-- Can I see the headmaster at the moment, please? --I’m afraid not. He ________ out. He________ in 10 minutes. A. goes; comes B. has been; came C. will go; will come D. has gone; will come back 23. People ________kill mice wherever they appeared. But now people keep them as pets. A. used to B. has to C. had better D. are used to 24. Fishing with Dad was so ________for little Sam that he almost fell asleep. A. excited B. exciting C. bored D. boring 25. Children usually like playing fireworks at the Spring Festival because the buildings and other things all look shiny and beautiful ________ them. A. under B. over C. in D. on 26. --Must I return the book this week? -- No, you ________. You can ________ it for 20 days. A. mustn’t; keep B. needn’t; borrow C. needn’t; keep D. mustn’t; borrow 27. --We're happy to see that our local government has ______the open space _____ a public library. --Me, too. We can do some reading there. A. moved; into B. grown; into C. turned; into D. put; into 28. --How ________is it from Beijing to Shanghai? --It's about two ________flight. A far; hour's B. long; hour's C. long; hours' D. far; hours' 29. --Have you decided ________ , lady? --Sorry, I have difficulty making decisions. A. to buy which one B. buy which one C. which one should you buy D. which one to buy 30. --Would you mind my closing the window? --________. It’s too cold in the room now. A. You’d better not B. Of course not C. I’m afraid you can’t D. No, please don’t 三、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) It was raining. I went into a cafe and asked for a coffee. 31 I was waiting for my drink, I found that there were many other people in the place, but I felt 32 . I saw their bodies, but I couldn’t feel their souls(灵魂) because their souls belonged to the net. I stood up and walked between the tables. When I came to the biggest computer, I saw a thin and small man 33 in front of it. “I’m Steve”, he finally answered after I asked him a couple of times what his 34 was. “I can’t talk with you. I’m busy.” he said. He was chatting online with somebody he didn’t know and at the same time he was playing a computer game—a war game. I was surprised. Why didn’t Steve want to talk with me? I tried again to speak to the computer geek(怪人), 35 not a word came out of his mouth. I touched his shoulder, no reply. I was 36 .I put my hand in front of the monitor(显示屏), and he started to 37 :“Leave me alone.” I took a few steps back, and saw 38 showed any interest in us. Then I found that the people there were having a nice conversation with their 39 , not with people. I was worried and I sank in(陷入) my thoughts. I didn’t even know that the coffee was bad, just as Steve didn’t notice there was a person 40 him. 31. A. Before  B. Since  C. Although  D. While 32. A. bored  B. lonely  C. sad  D. afraid 33. A. sitting  B. sleeping  C. laughing  D. learning 34. A. age B. height C. name D. address 35. A. but  B. so  C. if  D. or 36. A. pleased  B. tired  C. comfortable  D. unhappy 37. A. laugh  B. sing  C. shout  D. smile 38. A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D. all 39. A. souls  B. friends  C. parents  D. computers 40. A. next to  B. far from  C. on the left of  D. on the right of 四、阅读理解(共12小题;每小题2分,满分24分) (A) FIRST HOTEL??? Address:222 Edward Road??? Telephone:414-6433 The number of rooms:120? Single room: $25?? Double room: $35 Special attractions: Air-conditioned rooms. French restaurant. Swimming pool. Shops. Coffee shop and bar. Telephone, radio and television in each room. Close to the city center. FAIRVIEW HOTEL? Address: 129 North Road?? Telephone:591-5620 The number of rooms: 50?? Single room: $12?? Double: $18 Special attractions: Close to the airport. Telephone in each room. Bar. Restaurant. Garage. Swimming pool. ORCHARD HOTEL? Address: 233 Edward Road?? Telephone:641-6446 The number of rooms:120? Single room: $15? Double? $20 Special attractions: Facing First Hotel. European restaurant. Coffee shop. Television. Nightclub. OSAKA HOTEL? Address: 1264 Venning Road?? Telephone:643-8200 The number of rooms:180? Single room: $30? Double $50 Special attractions: Air-conditioned rooms. Japanese and Chinese restaurants. Swimming pool. Large garden. Shops. 41. If you want to eat Chinese food, you will go to the restaurant in _________. A. Fairview Hotel B. First Hotel C. Orchard Hotel? D. Osaka Hotel 42. Which hotel faces Orchard Hotel? A. First Hotel?? ???? B. Osaka Hotel C. Fairview Hotel? D. No hotel (B) China’s female swimmer Fu Yuanhui came third in women’s 100-metre backstroke finals at Rio Olympics. China’s online people have gone crazy about the 1996-born girl, not because of her performance or her achievement , but because of her cheerful answer to her performance during an interview by CCTV. Finishing the 100 meter backstroke with 58.95 seconds, Fu, who thought it was 59 seconds, was quite surprised with the result. This was the first moment when she impressed Chinese audience with her surprising look and body language in front of the camera. The second time that the young swimmer amazed the audience was her honest and straightforward answer to a question raised by the reporter. “We know that your body condition was not that good in the past year and it’s not easy to have such a result. Do you think you are now as good as before?” asked the reporter. “It is my best score ever. I have worked for three months on the recovery. Only the ghost knows what I have come through,” said Fu, “It was so painstaking that sometimes I felt like I was going to die. ” In the interview, Fu used a phrase “Hong Huang Zhi Li” to describe the great efforts she had made in preparing for the competition, which soon became a popular phrase on the Internet . 43. People were crazy about the girl because of ____________ . A. her performance B. her achievements C. her beauty D. her cheerful answer 44. Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage? A. Fu Yuanhui didn’t think this was her best score. B. The girl had worked for half a year on the recovery. C. Fu Yuanhui wasn’t satisfied with her performance at all. D. “Hong Huang Zhi Li” became a popular phrase on the Internet . (C) Parents and teachers worry about games having a bad effect on students, and a large number of reports have been written about games leading to addiction(上瘾)and violent behaviour. If one is addicted to games of violence, he might not think fighting even killing is a very serious thing. But not everything about games is bad. For some, playing games is a good way to learn as well. Many games are based on history, countries or planning. Such games can indirectly(间接地) teach students valuable lessons of life. Some games can improve players' memory skills by asking them to perform memory exercises throughout the game in order to reach the next level. Computer games are known to improve hand-eye coordination(协调)and help players develop problem-solving skills. Most games inspire players to meet more difficult challenges. Computer games have both good and bad effects. Playing games itself is not a problem, but students need to know about how much time to spend playing games and what kind of games to play. Playing games is like any other activity in life——eating too many hamburgers or too much pizza is harmful too. 45. The underlined word "violent" means ____________ in Chinese. A.怪异的 B.懒惰的 C.暴力的 D.攀比的 46. Many computer games are based on the following except __________. A. countries B. science C. planning D. history 47. Which is NOT true about playing computer games? A. It must cost a lot of money. B. It may have a bad effect on children C. It can lead to violent behaviour. D. It can cause addiction. (D) Our life has become easier and more colorful because of mobile phones and the Internet. However, a number of worrying problems have come along with them. Many car accidents are caused by mobile phones. Some drivers use mobile phones to get on the Internet while driving. Looking at their mobile phones and not at the road, these drivers have become a danger to us all. Many of the dangers of the Internet are well known. Children who visit websites without their parents’ permission sometimes talk to elder people they don't know and put themselves in great danger. People with blogs sometimes post information of people they don't know on their websites without permission. Some people even use the Internet to get personal information that we do not want them to have. Mobile phone and the Internet safety tips: ◆ Use a “hands-free” phone if you need to use a mobile phone when you drive. ◆ In difficult driving situations such as in rain or snow, do not use your phone at all. ◆ Do not make very important phone calls while driving. They take your attention(注意力) off the road. ◆ Tell your children not to talk with anyone they do not know on the Internet. ◆ In an embarrassing situation(尴尬场合) be careful with people around you. ◆ Don't give out any personal information on the Internet. 48. Which of these dangers of mobile phones or the Internet is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. You can have a car accident. B. Someone you do not know can call you. C. Someone can get your personal information. D. Someone can post your information on the Internet. 49. A “hands-free” mobile phone is probably a mobile phone that____________. A. is free to use. B. can be used only in ears. C. can be used with only one hand. D. can be used without your hands. 50. What advice is given in the passage to stop someone from taking an embarrassing picture of you? A. Use a “hands-free” mobile phone. B. Be careful with the people around you. C. Don't give out your personal information. D. Don’t talk with the people you don't know. 51. The underlined word “permission” in the article may mean____________. A.陪伴 B.监督 C.允许 D.反对 52. Which is the best title of the passage? A. Internet Problems B. Mobile Phone and the Internet Dangers C. The Development of Mobile Phones and the Internet D. The Advantages of Mobile Phones and the Internet 五、词汇检测(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 53. The Great Wall is a ____________(举世闻名的)place of interest and many visitors go to visit it. 54. How long is it since we ____________(上一次)saw each other? 55. I spent much time ____________(翻译)this article into English. 56.The husbands are looking for their ____________(妻子)names on the list. 57. Last term, I ____________(骑)a bicycle to school every day. 58. We haven't seen each other for years since she went ????____________(国外)to study. 59. He has just ____________(拒绝)an invitation from a big company. 60. Are Australian seasons the ____________ of ours? 61. -- I will move to Shanghai next week. -- Oh, it’s a pity. Let’s keep in ____________. 62. --Why do you like playing this kind of game? --Because it can test my ____________of English while I’m playing it. 六、阅读表达(共3小题;满分6分) Help the beach Tony has always loved going to the beach. He spends as much time there as he can. One day, Tony and his parents took their beach gear (两栖登陆装备) and headed to the shore. It was a bright, sunny day. The beach was full by the time they got there. It seemed that everyone had the same idea that day. When they found a place, Tony sat down and began to enjoy the sun, the sand and the water. Soon Tony noticed something strange. There was a water bottle in the sand. Then, a paper bag was blowing down by the water. People had littered all over the beach! His mum explained to the unhappy boy that a lot of people littered instead of using rubbish bins. If Tony wanted it to stop, he would have to work to save the beach. Tony worked hard. He got a group to help clean up. He put up signs and got his town to put more rubbish bins in the areas. Most of all, he let people know how bad littering was for the environment. Tony worked hard to make a difference! 63. Who did Tony go to the beach with? _____________________________________________________________________________ 64. How did Tony feel when he saw the rubbish all over the beach? _____________________________________________________________________________ 65. Will you do as Tony did if you see rubbish everywhere in public places? Why or Why not? _____________________________________________________________________________ 七、翻译句子 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 66. 我的父母已经结婚二十多年了。 67. 直到精疲力竭他才停下来。 68. 顺便问一下,你父亲去成都出差了吗? 69. 我们应该意识到改善环境是重要的。 70. 他习惯于在每天晚饭后收发电子邮件。 八、书面表达(共1小题;满分10分) 寒假里你和父母去海南岛度假,回来后写了一篇旅游小记。内容提示如下: 1. 今年二月我和父母搭乘直飞航班到海南; 2. 海南位于中国南方,那里有许多自然美景,那里的海鲜和水果真是美味; 3. 因为对历史书感兴趣,所以乘车过程中我总是安静地看书; 4. 回来前我们给亲朋好友买了很多礼物; 5. 这次旅行……,我…… 注意:1. 短文须包括所给内容要点,要求语句通顺,意思连贯; 2. 第5要点内容共须用2~3句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥; 3. 词数80个左右。 My first trip to Hainan ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ PARK 11

  • ID:9-6058138 江苏省苏州市姑苏区2018-2019学年八年级下学期期中考试道法卷

    初中思想品德(道德与法治)/期中专区/八年级下册

    苏州市区学校2018-2019学年第二学期期中试卷 初二道德与法治 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两卷,满分50分,考试时间50分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共26分) 1、单项选择题(以下每题都有四个选项,其中只有一个是最符合题意的。共16小题,每小题1分,共16分) 1.下列知识点对应正确的是( 。 A.宪法的核心内容:规范国家权力运行以保障公民权利的实现 B.宪法规定的社会主义政治制度:奠定了国家权力属于人民的经济基础 C.《刑法》:治国安邦的总章程 D.我国的国家性质:人民民主专政的社会主义国家 2.“人权得到切实尊重和保障”是全面建成小康社会的奋斗目标之一。在我国,人权的主体非常广泛,宪法;さ娜巳谌菀埠芄惴。对此,下列说法错误的是( ) A.人权的主体既包括我国公民,也包括外国人等 B.我国公民是宪法;さ娜巳ǖ闹魈,但依法被剥夺政治权利的人除外 C.我国宪法不仅;じ鋈巳巳、也;と禾迦巳 D.宪法;さ娜巳谌菁劝ㄆ降热ê腿松砣ɡ,也包括政治权利、经济、社会、文化方面的权利 3.中华人民共和国的国家机构实行_____原则。( 。 A.依宪治国 B.民主集中制 C.依法治国 D.宪法 4.2018年3月10日,全国人大讨论通过了《宪法修正案》,讨论通过了政府工作报告、最高人民检察院和最高人民法院的报告。这说明( ) ①人民代表大会是我国实行的一项政治制度 ②人民代表大会是我国人民行使当家作主权力的机关 ③人民代表大会是最高国家权力机关 ④国家行政机关、审判机关 、检察机关受人大监督 A. ①② B.②④ C.①④ ?D.②③ 5.我国宪法是国家的根本法,规定了国家生活中的最根本、最重要的问题。以下属于宪法规定的内容有( ) ①我国的根本制度 ②公民的基本权利和义务 ③我国国家机构的组成及其职权 ④哪些行为是犯罪并应当负何种刑事责任 A.①②③ B.②③④ C.①②④ D.①③④ 6.宪法制定和修改的程序比普通法律更为严格,其目的是( 。 A.保障宪法的权威性和稳定性 B.保障宪法的严厉性 C.保障宪法的强制性 D.保障宪法的严肃性 7.权力行使需要接受监督。监督是权力正确行使的根本保证,不受监督的权力将导致腐败。在监督体系中,具有基础性意义的是( 。 A.法律监督制度 B.宪法监督制度 C.刑法监督制度 D.人大监督制度 8.为更好地发挥宪法的重大作用,2018年11月26日,中宣部等部门开展以“尊崇宪法、学习宪法:遵守宪法、维护宪法、运用宪法”为主题的首届“宪法宣传周”活动,各地纷纷响应,掀起宪法学习宣传新高潮?股鲜龌疃ā 。 A.有利于提升宪法地位,保证宪法顺利实施 B.有利于人们增强宪法意识,维护宪法权威 C.是国家机关的事,与普通老百姓关系不大 D.能确保公众认同宪法价值,接受宪法指引 9.下列哪项权利属于公民的政治自由( ) A.出版自由 B.宗教信仰自由 C.人身自由 D.通信自由 10.下列可以行使选举权和被选举权的有( ) ①在华工作的美国人科比 ②正在读研究生的小张 ③刚进入七年级的小红 ④已经退休的张爷爷 A.①②③④ B.①③④ C.②④ D.③④ 11.中学生李琪爱好绘画,其作品多次获奖,小有名气。为参加学校举办的创意集市活动,她精心挑选了5幅作品。在活动中,李琪售出3幅,收入500元,剩余2幅赠给了好友。她将画作赠给好友的行为理解正确的是( ) A.李琪将画作赠给好友,行使了劳动权 B.李琪将画作送给好友,行使了财产权 C.李琪将画作赠给好友,行使了文化权利 D.李琪将画作赠给好友,行使了物质帮助权 12.小王在外地出差期间,到书店买了一本书;氐奖龉菔,他发现书中有缺页,于是乘车到该书店要求调换;皇楹,他要求该书店支付因换书而产生的一元公交车费用。为此,小王找书店负责人协商解决,遭到拒绝并受到店方保安的威胁恐吓。他又找消费者协会调解,也未成功。最后,他只好到法院起诉。小王在维护自身合法权益的过程中,先后采取的方法有( ) ①协商 ②调解 ③仲裁 ④诉讼 A.①②③④ B.①②③ C.②③④ D.①②④ 13.习近平主席指出:“像爱护自己的眼睛一样爱护民族团结,像珍视自己的生命一样珍视民族团结,各族人民要像石榴籽那样紧紧抱在一起”。这表明( ) ①我国是人民当家作主的国家  ②全国各族人民要平等互助、团结合作、共同发展  ③遵守宪法和法律是公民的基本义务  ④维护民族团结是每个公民的基本义务 A.①② B.①③ C.②③ D.②④ 14.下列说法错误的是( ) A. 税收是国家财政收入的主要来源 B.依法纳税是公民的一项基本义务 C.任何偷税、欠税、骗税、抗税的行为都是违法行为 D.任何偷税、欠税、骗税、抗税的行为都要依法追究刑事责任 15.共享单车因低碳、便捷、价廉等优势受到人们青睐而迅猛发展。但乱停乱放、恶意破坏、据为己有等不良行为时有发生。2017年2月28日,成都首例盗窃破坏共享单车案宣判,被告人因犯盗窃罪被依法判刑。这告诉我们( ) ①爱护公共财产是公民的基本权利 ②必须依法规范自身行为 ③法律是必须遵守的行为规范 ④不良行为都会依法受到刑罚处罚 A.①② B.①④ C.②③ D.③④ 16.下列各项中,既是基本权利,又是基本义务的是( ) ①见义勇为 ②劳动 ③选举权和被选举权 ④受教育 A.①③ B.②③ C.①④ D.②④ 二、判断题(判断以下各题的说法是否正确,正确的在答题卡上图A,错误的在答题卡上图B。共10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 17.我国是人民民主专政的社会主义国家,国家的一切权力属于公民。 18.人民代表大会是我国的权力机关,与监察委员会是相互监督的关系。 19.权力被滥用,会滋生腐败,贻害无穷,因此必须加强对权力的监督和制约。 20.中国共产党作为执政党,必须以宪法为根本的活动准则,领导人民制定法律。 21.在我国,全国人大及其常委会行使监督宪法实施的职权。 22.政治自由有助公民参与国家政治生活,充分表达自己的意愿,这是公民的一项基本政治权利。 23.诉讼是通过审判机关解决纠纷的方式。 24.遵守宪法和法律是我国公民的基本义务,是我国顺利进行社会主义现代化建设的基本保证。 25.我国实行义务兵与志愿兵相结合、民兵与预备役相结合的兵役制度。 26.公民既是合法权益的享受者,又是法定义务的承担者。 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共24分) 三、简答题:结合材料,运用所学知识简要回答问题(共2小题,每小题6分,共12分) 27.某校八年级(1)班道德与法治课外学习兴趣小组正在开展研究性学习活动,请你结合第二单元《理解权利义务》的相关内容补充表格信息。(6分) 案例 分析 2019年1月,苏州市“两会”到来前夕,八年级学生通过《苏州两会直通车》网络参政平台,就教育公平的问题提出了自己的建议。 这位学生行使了 ① 权,行使这一权利有利于 ② 。 大学生张华在看到征兵宣传视频后,到征兵报名处排队报名。 张华履行了 ③ 的义务,这是因为 ④ 。 王青和李然是同桌,在一节自习课时,王青未经同意翻看了李然的日记本。 王青的行为侵犯了李然的 ⑤ 权,对此,程青可以通过 ⑥ 的方式维护自己的权利。 28.材料一:习近平主席在祝贺“北京人权论坛”开幕的贺信中指出,中国共产党和中国政府始终尊重和保障人权。长期以来,中国坚持把人权的普遍性原则同中国实际相结合,不断推动经济社会发展,增进人民福祉,促进社会公平正义,加强人权法治保障,努力促进经济、社会、文化和政治权利全面协调发展,走出了一条适合中国国情的人权发展道路。据此,有同学认为:只要政府依法行政,就能实现尊重和保障人权。 请用“国家尊重和保障人权”的有关知识辨析材料中该同学观点(6分) 四、分析说明:结合材料,运用有关知识提取信息,分析问题并解决问题。(本大题共1小题,共12分。) 【宪法权威】宪法是中国特色社会主义法律体系的核心,我国一切法律、法规和其他规范性法律文件都要以宪法为依据,不得与宪法相抵触;宪法的修改,由全国人民代表大会常务委员会或者五分之一以上的全国人民代表大会代表提议,并由全国人民代表大会以全体代表的三分之二以上的多数通过;此次修改宪法把习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想载入宪法,为新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义提供了有力的宪法保障。 (1)材料是如何体现宪法是我国根本法的地位的?(6分) 【宪法规定】我国宪法赋予了公民广泛的权利,也规定了公民所需承担的义务。英国哲学家洛克曾说:没有义务的地方,就没有权利。广大青少年属于受法律;さ奈闯赡,所以,有同学认为,初中生不需要履行义务。 (2)请你运用《依法履行义务》的相关内容,对材料中该同学的观点进行评析。(4分) 【宪法意识】法国思想家卢梭说过,真正的宪法不是刻在大理石上,也不是刻在铜表上,而是铭刻在每个公民的内心里。 (3)结合所学知识,谈谈宪法的生命和权威分别是什么?(2分) 5

  • ID:8-6058124 第1课古代埃及 同步练习

    初中历史/人教部编版/九年级上册(2018)/第一单元 古代亚非文明 /第1课 古代埃及


    第1课 古代埃及
    一、选择题
    1.“它见证了古代埃及奴隶主残酷压迫奴隶的历史,是古代埃及国权力的象征!辈牧现械摹八蔽挥冢 )
    A.黄河流域 B.尼罗河流域 C.长江流域 D.珠江流域
    2.太阳历又称为阳历,是以地球绕太阳公转的运动周期为基础而制定的历法。世界上最早发明太阳历的是( )
    /
    A.古埃及人 B.古印度人 C.古巴比伦人 D.古代中国人
    3.阿拉伯谚语“人间惧怕时间,而时间惧怕金字塔”。下列与这一谚语有关的文明古国( )
    A.发源于两河流域 B.使用象形文字 C.盛行种姓制度 D.位于亚洲东北部
    4.历经数千年风雨沧桑的金字塔屹立在茫茫沙漠的边缘,见证人间世态的变迁。金字塔是( )
    A.古埃及国的宫殿 B.古巴比伦国的宫殿
    C.古埃及国的陵墓 D.古巴比伦国的陵墓
    5.一导游带团出国旅游,解说到:“巍峨耸立的金字塔,令人毛骨悚然的木乃伊,美丽如画的文字……这里的文明成就令人惊叹,也令人迷惑!薄罢饫锏奈拿鳌钡冢 )
    A.黄河流域 B.两河流域 C.尼罗河流域 D.印度河流域
    6.金字塔是古埃及文明的象征,最大的金字塔是胡夫金字塔,被誉为世界七大奇迹之首。古埃及的金字 塔和中国古代的万里长城都成为世界文化遗产的靓丽风景线,在历史上它们的主要用途分别是( )
    A.宫殿建筑、旅游观光 B.陵墓、防沙尘暴
    C.陵墓、军事防御 D.军事防御、划分国界
    7.2017年5月14日,习近平主席在“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛开幕式演讲中指出:“古丝绸之路跨越尼罗河流域、两河流域、印度河和恒河流域、黄河和长江流域……”古丝绸之路跨越的“尼罗河流域”诞生了( )
    A.古埃及文明 B.古巴比伦文明 C.古印度文明 D.古希腊文明
    8.古代希腊历史学家希罗多德说:埃及是“尼罗河的馈赠”。意思是( )
    A.尼罗河哺育了古埃及文明 B.尼罗河流域是古埃及的势力范围
    C.古代埃及人民把尼罗河治理的很好 D.有了古代埃及文明就有了尼罗河
    9.“法老的陵墓,巴比伦的墙,希腊海滨夜潮起,耶路撒冷秋风凉。我是废墟的泪,我是隔代的伤,恒河边的梵钟在何方?”这是凤凰卫视千僖之旅的主题歌。如果他们想去看“法老的陵墓”,应该选择( )
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    人教部编版九年级历史上册第1课古代埃及同步练习.docx

  • ID:8-6058123 第2课《古代两河流域》课件(共26张PPT)

    初中历史/人教部编版/九年级上册(2018)/第一单元 古代亚非文明 /第2课 古代两河流域


    人教部编版九年级上册历史 第2课《古代两河流域》课件(共26张ppt):26张PPT古巴比伦、汉谟拉比法典、底格里斯河、

    美索不达米亚平原、泥板与楔形文字
    第一单元 古代亚非文明
    【学习目标】

    1、了解两河流域文明的发展概况,知道古巴比伦国汉谟拉比的统治和《汉谟拉比法典》的历史价值。

    2、通过地图比较和绘制时间轴,培养历史时空观;通过分析法典条文,培养阅读文献资料的能力。

    3、使学生知道古代两河流域是人类最早的文明发祥地之一,人类文明是在适应与改造自然环境中发展起来的。两河文明留给人类的文化遗产是宝贵的,必须十分珍视。
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    人教部编版九年级上册历史 第2课《古代两河流域》课件(共26张ppt).pptx

  • ID:3-6057992 6.6整理和复习(12张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/6 表内乘法(二)/整理和复习


    6.6整理和复习:12张PPT表内乘法(二)
    整理和复习
    一、背诵口诀,导入新课
    问题:1~9的乘法口诀我们都已经学完了,你们还记得吗?
    我们一起背一遍吧!
    一一得一
    一二得二
    一三得三
    一四得四
    一五得五
    一六得六
    一七得七
    一八得八
    一九得九
    二二得四
    二三得六
    三三得九
    三四十二
    二五一十
    三五十五
    四四十六
    二四得八
    四五二十
    五五二十五
    二六十二
    三六十八
    四六二十四
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    6.6整理和复习.ppt

  • ID:3-6057980 4.7 6的乘法口诀(11张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/2~6的乘法口诀/6的乘法口诀


    4.7 6的乘法口诀:11张PPT表内乘法(一)
    6的乘法口诀
    一、复习旧知
    (一)看算式说口诀
    3×1
    4×2
    3×3
    4×1
    1×2
    2×3
    2×2
    4×4
    4×3
    5×3
    4×5
    5×2
    5×5
    1×1
    3×4= 4×4=
    5×5= 2×2=
    2×5= 3×2=
    5×1= 3×5=
    5×( )=20
    4×( )=12
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.7 6的乘法口诀.ppt

  • ID:3-6057978 4.6乘加 乘减(10张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/2~6的乘法口诀/乘加 乘减


    4.6乘加 乘减:10张PPT乘加 乘减
    表内乘法(一)
    一、复习旧知,激趣引新
    看图列乘法算式。
    乘法算式:
    乘法算式:
    乘法算式:
    3×3=9
    2×4=8
    5×4=20
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    二、学习新知
    问题:从图中你知道了什么?请你试着做一做。
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.6乘加 乘减.ppt

  • ID:3-6057976 4.5 4的乘法口诀(11张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/2~6的乘法口诀/2、3、4的乘法口诀


    4.5 4的乘法口诀:11张PPT表内乘法(一)
    4的乘法口诀
    一、复习旧知
    (一)对口诀
    三三
    得九
    四五
    一五
    二二
    一三
    二三
    五五
    二五
    三五
    二十
    得六
    得五
    二十五
    得四
    一十
    得三
    十五
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    二、学习新知
    到底对不对呢?
    你知道4的乘法
    口诀吗?
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.5 4的乘法口诀.ppt

  • ID:3-6057975 4.4 表内乘法 乘加乘减(22张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/2~6的乘法口诀/2、3、4的乘法口诀


    4.4 表内乘法 乘加乘减:22张PPT第4单元 表内乘法(一)
    4 乘加 乘减
    学习目标
    2.会用含有乘加、乘减的算式解决一些简单的实际问题。
    1. 理解乘加、乘减算式的具体意义,并能按顺序正确地计算。
    3. 在解决问题的过程中,感受数学与生活的密切联系,激发学生的学习兴趣。 ?
    ?
    复习导入


    看图列乘法算式。
    乘法算式:
    乘法算式:
    乘法算式:
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.4 表内乘法 乘加乘减.ppt

  • ID:3-6057972 4.3 5的乘法口诀(11张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/2~6的乘法口诀/5的乘法口诀


    4.3 5的乘法口诀:11张PPT5的乘法口诀
    表内乘法(一)
    一、激发兴趣,揭示口诀学习的意义
    5+5+5+5= 6+6+6+6=
    3+3+3+3= 2+2+2+2+2=
    4+4+4= 5+5+5=
    4+4+4= 6+6+6=
    问题:知道老师为什么算得快吗?
    请你计算下面各题,
    我们来比一比,看谁
    算得又快又对。
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.3 5的乘法口诀.ppt

  • ID:3-6057970 4.2.2 2、3、4的乘法口诀 课件(共2课时18张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/乘法的初步认识


    4.2.2 2、3、4的乘法口诀 课件(共2课时):18张PPT表内乘法(一)
    2、3的乘法口诀
    3×5= 5×2= 4×5=

    5×1= 5×5= 5×3=
    一、复习旧知
    10
    5
    20
    25
    15
    15
    (一)说口诀算得数
    3×( )=15 5×( )=20
    ( )×5=25 5×( )=10
    ( )×4=20 ( )×5=5
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.2.2 2、3、4的乘法口诀 课件(共2课时).ppt

  • ID:3-6057968 4.2 表内乘法课件(25张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/乘法的初步认识


    4.2 表内乘法5:25张PPT第4单元 表内乘法(一)
    2 5的乘法口诀
    学习目标
    2. 能运用口诀正确地进行乘法计算。
    1. 理解5的乘法口诀的来源和意义,经历探索5的乘法口诀的过程。
    3.熟记5的乘法口诀,能用5的乘法口诀解决简单的实际问题。?
    复习导入
    把加法算式改成乘法算式。
    3+3+3+3+3+3
    4+4+4+4
    1+1+1+1
    2+2+2+2


    3X6 6X3
    4X4
    1X4 4X1
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.2 表内乘法5.ppt

  • ID:3-6057967 4.1乘法的初步认识(1)(15张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/乘法的初步认识


    4.1乘法的初步认识(1):15张PPT表内乘法(一)
    乘法的初步认识(1)
    一、学生活动,激发兴趣
    你会用小棒自己摆图
    形吗?用1分钟时间,
    看谁摆得多!
    同学们,用小棒
    可以摆出一些有
    趣的图形?快来
    看看吧!
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    二、认识相同加数相加的算式
    (一)全面认识加法算式
    能列个加法算式表示你
    一共用的小棒的根数吗?
    你都摆了什么图形?一共
    用了多少根小棒?
    绿色圃中小学教育网http://w
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.1乘法的初步认识(1).ppt

  • ID:3-6057964 4.1 乘法的初步认识 课件(13张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/4 表内乘法(一)/乘法的初步认识


    4.1 乘法的初步认识 课件:13张PPT乘法的初步认识
    在游乐园里,你看到了什么?
    小飞机里共有多少人?
    3+3+3+3 +3 =
    15
    一共有5个3。
    小火车里共有多少人?
    6+6+6+6=
    24
    ( )个六

    过山车里共有多少人?
    2+2+2+2+2+2 +2 =
    14
    ( )个( )


    摆一摆
    用手中的小棒代替小朋友,摆一摆。
    =15
    3  

    3  
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    4.1 乘法的初步认识 课件.ppt

  • ID:3-6057960 3.2 直角的初步认识课件(23张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/3 角的初步认识


    3.2 直角的初步认识课件:23张PPT第3单元 角的初步认识
    2 直角的初步认识
    学习目标
    2.会用三角尺判断直角,并会用三角尺画直角。
    1. 初步认识直角并掌握直角的特征。
    3.在探究的过程中,感受数学与生活的密切联系,激发学生的学习兴趣。
    复习导入
    顶点


    你还记得角的各部分名称吗?
    情景导入1
    这些图形中
    有角吗?
    探索新知
    三角尺可以帮助我们判断一个角是不是直角。
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    3.2 直角的初步认识课件.ppt

  • ID:3-6057957 3 角的初步认识 课件(共3课时29张PPT)

    小学数学/人教版/二年级上册/3 角的初步认识


    3 角的初步认识 课件(共3课时):29张PPT角的初步认识
    认角、比较角的
    大小、画角
    一、联系生活,揭示课题
    寻找生活中的角
    今天我们一起学习角的初步认识。
    二、认识角及各部分名称
    两条边是直直的,
    都从顶点出发。
    这些物品中都有角。
    一个角有一个顶
    点,有两条边。
    一个角有几个顶点?
    有几条边?
    二、认识角及各部分名称
    1. 指一指哪里有角。
    ( )
    二、认识角及各部分名称
    2. 下面的图形哪些是角,哪些不是角?
    ================================================
    压缩包内容:
    3 角的初步认识 课件(共3课时).ppt

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